Types of HVAC Equipment
6 Types of Heating & Air Conditioning Equipment
Choosing a new air conditioning system for your home may be a stressful and challenging experience. With so many air conditioners available, the options might be challenging. Depending on your scenario, you may be under a time limitation and must choose a new system quickly. Below is a list of the different types of AC systems.
- Central Heating & Air Conditioning
This is the most frequent form of air conditioner among all the different varieties because it is the most suitable for larger homes due to its ability to cool efficiently. Cool air is circulated through supply and return ducts by central air conditioners. Cooled air enters the home through supply ducts and registers in the walls and floors. The air then cycles back into the supply ducts and registers, where it will be carried back to the air conditioner after it has warmed up.
Because sizing is critical to the system’s performance, installing a central air conditioning system necessitates planning and preparation. A company should always do a load calculation to determine the true equipment size needed. Bigger is not always better when it comes to AC Units. Too large and you will have a humidity problem. Also, you may find that your utility expenditures are more than they should be if you install a system that is the wrong size, even if it is energy-efficient.
- Heat Pump
A heat pump is an outside unit that is part of a heating and cooling system. It can chill your home just like an air conditioner, but it can also heat it. A heat pump absorbs heat from chilly outdoor air and transfers it indoors in the winter, and it removes heat from indoor air to cool your home in the summer. They run on electricity and transfer heat via refrigerant to keep you comfortable all year. Homeowners may not need to install separate heating and cooling systems because they can handle both. For improved functionality in colder locations, an electric heat strip can be attached to the indoor fan coil. Heat pumps, unlike furnaces, do not use fossil fuels, making them more environmentally friendly.
- Mini-split Ductless System
Due to its energy efficiency, cost savings, small size, ease of installation, and ability to manage climate room-by-room in your house, ductless mini-splits are gaining popularity across the country. Because ductless mini-splits don’t rely on ductwork to operate, homeowners don’t have to be concerned about energy losses caused by leaking air ducts.
If you want to chill individual rooms in your house, this system could be ideal. Many ductless mini-split systems feature up to four indoor handling units, all of which are linked to the external unit.
Each zone has its thermostat, which allows you to customize the temperature in each space. This is especially useful if you only want to chill a portion of the house in use.
- Window AC Unit
Consider a window air conditioner to be a small machine that only cools one room. This system, sometimes called a “unitary unit,” is installed in a room’s window. Window units cool a room by blowing cool air into it and releasing warm air out the rear. These units are ideal for people who live in small apartments. It is not suitable for a larger home because it does not cool efficiently in such an atmosphere.
- Portable AC Unit
Portable air conditioners are the next generation of window air conditioners. This type of air conditioner draws air from the room, cools it, and then returns it to the room. The machine then vents any warm air outside through a window exhaust hose. Portable air conditioners, like window air conditioners, are intended to chill only one room. They’re simple to set up, adaptable, and cost-effective. You’ll find that your air conditioner’s portability makes remaining excellent on a hot summer day much more accessible.
- Geothermal HVAC System
Geothermal energy is long-lasting, renewable, and energy-efficient. Geothermal technology can harvest heat from below and transfer it into your home since the ground temperature remains relatively constant at 55 degrees no matter how hot or cold it is in the environment. Deep in the ground, geothermal coils (sometimes known as “loops” or “wells”) can be utilized to heat and cool your home. In the winter, heat is collected from the earth and dispersed back into the ground; in the summer, heat is extracted from your home and spread back into the bed.
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